- FBI: Letter from L. Ron Hubbard to the Attorney General (May 14, 1951)
- Book: Brain-Washing: A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics (1955)
- Book: Brain-Washing: A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics (1955)
- FBI: Letter from L. Ron Hubbard to FBI (Communist Activities) (September 7, 1955)
- FBI: Letter from L. Ron Hubbard to FBI (December 16, 1955)
- Operational Bulletin: The Turn of the Tide (1955)
- Lecture: Control (1956)
- Letter from HDRF to [?] Member (February 1, 1956)
- Letter from [?] First Church of Christ, Scientist to FBI (February 3, 1956)
- FBI: Letter from Director John Edgar Hoover to [?] (February 10, 1956)
- FBI: Letter from [?] to FBI (April 1, 1956)
- FBI: Letter from E. T. Schaefer to FBI (April 4, 1956)
- FBI: Communist Strategy “Brainwashing A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics” Internal Security (April 6, 1956)
- FBI: Letter from J. Edgar Hoover to E. T. Schaefer (April 9, 1956)
- FBI: Records Section forms (April 11, 1956)
- FBI: Communist Strategy “Brainwashing A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics” Internal Security (April 17, 1956)
- FBI: The Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation (August 21, 1956)
- FBI: Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation Text on Brainwashing (August 28, 1956)
- FBI: Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation Silver Spring Maryland (Text on Russian Brainwashing) Miscellaneous Security Matter (August 28, 1956)
- Lecture: The Effectiveness of Brainwashing (2) (1956)
- FBI: Letter from J. Edgar Hoover to [?] (September 21, 1956)
- FBI: Letter from HDRF to Member (October 1956)
- FBI: The Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation Internal Security (October 8, 1956)
- FBI: The Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation (November 9, 1956)
- FBI: The Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation Internal Security (November 26, 1956)
- HCO Training Bulletin: SLP 8 (1956)
- Letter: Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation to Member Re: Brainwashing Manual (ca. late 1956)
- Book: All About Radiation: Brainwashing (1957)
- FBI: Letter from [?] to Senator Bridges (February 21, 1957)
- FBI: Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation Lafayette Ron Hubbard Request for Information by Senator Styles Bridges (February 27, 1957)
- FBI: The Hubbard Association of Scientologists International (March 26, 1957)
- FBI: The Hubbard Association of Scientologists International (April 5, 1957)
- Article: The Radiation Picture and Scientology (1957)
- Lecture: How We Have Addressed The Problem of the Mind (1957)
- FBI: Letter from SAC Curtis O. Lynum to Regional Commander, Region 2, 112th CIC Group (January 13, 1959)
- FBI: Letter from SAC Curtis O. Lynum to Agent in Charge, Office of Naval Intelligence (September 11, 1959)
- FBI: Request from Director re “Brainwashing A Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics” (Central Research Matter) (August 30, 1960)
- FBI: Re Los Angeles Herald quote from “Brainwashing A Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics (August 30, 1960)
- FBI: Letter from SAC Curtis O. Lynum to District Commander, Office of Special Investigations District II, Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma (November 21, 1960)
- FBI: Document captioned “Brainwashing A Synthesis of the Textbook on Psychopolitics” (June 7, 1961)
- FBI: Document captioned “Brainwashing A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics” Internal Security Russia (June 16, 1961)
- FBI: Re Booklet “Brainwashing A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics” (September 1, 1961)
- Letter from [?] to FBI (October 3, 1961)
- FBI: Lafayette Ron Hubbard (February 15, 1963)
- Letter from Albert Harlan Condron to J. Edgar Hoover (September 4, 1963)
- FBI: Founding Church of Scientology, aka Scientology, L. Ron Hubbard, Founder, Hubbard Association of Scientologists International Information Concerning (September 19, 1963)
- FBI: Founding Church of Scientology, aka Scientology, L. Ron Hubbard, Founder, Hubbard Association of Scientologists International Information Concerning; Pamphlet: Brain-washing (September 23, 1963)
- FBI: Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (February 21, 1967)
- FBI: Letter from SAC J. Gordon Shanklin to Senior Resident Agent, Naval Investigative Service (February 26, 1968)
- HCOB: Dianetic Assists (1969)
- FBI: Letter from [?] to Director John Edgar Hoover (January 18, 1971)
- FBI: Letter from Acting Director L. Patrick Gray III to [?] (February 20, 1973)
- Media interview: Prof. Stephen Kent on auditing, brainwashing, losing morality and Hubbard’s motivations (Season 1 Episode 9) (2017)
The Brainwashing Manual
Excerpted from Leah Remini: Scientology & The Aftermath (Season 1, Episode 9)
[Scene: Aftermath studio. Seated behind “guest” sofa: Bryan Seymour, Mark Ebner, Janet Reitman. On sofa: Ford Greene, Stephen Kent, Len Zinberg. Leah Remini (LR) and Mike Rinder (MR) seated in chairs opposite sofa.]
LR: We’re back.
MR: We’re back. And we have– we are joined by three more distinguished guests. This is Len Zinberg, who was formerly in the Guardian’s Office. Ford Greene, who represented a number of litigants against Scientology and has lived to tell the tale. And Professor Steven Kent, who is a professor of the University of Alberta and perhaps has the largest collection of Scientology materials on Planet Earth.
LR: So I wanted to ask you, because you’re not a Scientologist. How did you get onto the subject of Scientology?
Steve Kent (SK): I did my dissertation on 17th century sectarian groups in England.
LR: Oh! Makes sense.
MR: Of course!
SK: There’s a connection though. I had been following the, the current academic literature about sects, cults, and new religions. Scientology had been in the news in 1983.
[Scene: Toronto Police Raid Scientology Offices
March 3, 1983]
SK: There was a huge raid in Toronto against Scientology Org.
I put it into a research grant, and I got the grant. And I started, this is before the Internet, this is mid-1980s. Went to newspaper articles. Um, found names of people who had got mentioned in the articles, called them up.
SK: There was a deep network of people in various countries. Ah, they had family members in, ah, they were afraid of retaliation, and so on. And they were afraid to speak.
SK: But once they found an outsider, who, who they could trust, information started pouring in. Documents. People telling me stories. And I’d say, “Can you back that up?”
And sometimes they’d get up and walk into a room, another room and pull out a document for me.
[Scene: photo of Steve Kent’s Research Archive
University of Alberta]
SK: So that’s how the collection started to build up. People started giving me documents.
In fact, this is one. A manual called Brainwashing, published as a public service in the Hubbard College of Scientology.2
In 1955, Hubbard was thinking about these issues.
So Hubbard was considering issues about manipulation and control for decades that became the whole foundation for the major aggressive Scientology organizations that Hubbard developed.
One of the issues for me as a social scientist is to try to figure out how smart intelligent people have gotten drawn into this program. Well, I think the answer is in part through auditing. What Scientology does is say, “Tell me something that’s bothering you in your life.”
[Scene: Scientology promotional video
Auditing environment, E-meter.]
People self-identify their problems at first. And when they go through auditing, the auditor is trained not to judge. So a person may be revealing a deep secret. And if they’re on the E-meter, they get told, “Oh, this device says that the negative effects of that event no longer hold sway over you.” Hence people have these good positive visual effects. They feel a release. They’ve told their secrets. And then they say, “You think that was good. Do it some more.”
SK: And that’s the hook. But as people are one by one identifying the issues that affected them in their past, they’re losing the foundation of a personal morality. We need the bad events in our lives to know what’s right.
SK: We need something about what we’ve done to other people. Auditing one by one by one by one takes away those negative events and tells us it no longer holds sway over us.
SK: And then at the same time people are getting initiated into the Scientology ethics system.
LR: Well how would you describe what the ethics system is in Scientology?
SK: Um, the ethics system is designed to first eliminate opponents to Scientology. And then having done so it’s then to eliminate all interests that are not involved with Scientology.3
SK: And so auditing eliminates their, their moral foundations. And then the new moral foundation (air quotes) is to push Scientology ahead. Which is based upon the worldview of Hubbard.
The big question was, “What drove Hubbard?” What was behind his motivation? The best explanation from my perspective was that he was a malignant narcissist.
SK: In the case of [ ] this means a person who aggressively attacks ah, people who criticize them.
SK: Each time somebody came after him, an organization, newspaper, so on, he reacted often by, by policies. And so he established a fair game policy. Fair game policy is essentially “destroy your opponents.”
LR (ironically): But you know that that’s been cancelled, right? Right, Bryan Seymour?
BS: Yeah, it was canceled (cross talk) …fair gamed me…
LR: Right, Mark Ebner? It’s been–
Right, Mike Rinder?
MR: It’s gone.
LR: You weren’t engaged in any fair gaming of anyone?
MR (joking): Me?! Not me.
LR: Oh, okay. I just wanted–
ME: Why don’t you ask the private investigator that followed me here?
LR: Right, exactly. Right.
ME: Yeah, it’s canceled.
SK: Well Hubbard devised fair game to go after reporters, the Guardian Office to attack and silence and punish critics. Citizen’s Commission on Human Rights to go after the mental health community. So the goal was to get rid of opponents, and then get rid of all other interests.
SK: So the interpretative framework for Hubbard and the paramilitary organization he established, from my perspective, came out of malignant narcissism.4
Allegations have been made that the activities of the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation are of particular interest to sexual perverts, hypochondriacs, and are also subscribed to by a goodly number of curiosity seekers. Several individuals, including Sara Northrup, have alleged Hubbard is mentally incompetent. Under date of March 14, 1951, the Department of Law and Safety, Board of Medical Examiners, State of New Jersey, advised this bureau that it had a case against the Hubbard Dianetics Research Foundation, Incorporated, which was due for trial in Union County District Court, Elizabeth, New Jersey, March 27, 1951. The foundation was charged with conducting a school teaching a branch of medicine and surgery without possession a license. This bureau has not been advised as to the results of this court action.
Re: Airtel from Legat London of 2/7/1967, attached.
From this report:
On September 13, 1963, […] Seattle, Washington Police Department, advised that on September 11, 1963,
WILLIAM J. FISK, Seattle, head of a religious mystical church was shot to death before members of his group in the Seattle headquarters in the Church of Scientology of Washington State. […] surrendered to the Seattle Police Department. He was charged with the premeditated killing and his apparent motive was his belief that his wife’s estrangement from him resulted from the instructions given to this group by FISK.
[…] Among the possessions of the deceased was the enclosed pamphlet entitled “Brainwashing A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics,” a copy of which is enclosed for the Bureau’s information.