originally printed circa 1960
A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF L. RON HUBBARD1. PRO News 04-1970, 1-4.]
HUBBARD, Lafayette Ronald, author, explorer; b. Tilden, Neb., Mar. 13, 1911; s. H.R. & Ledora May (Waterbury) B.S. in Civil Engineering, George Washington U.
SCIENTOLOGY AND DIANETICS
L. Ron Hubbard describes Dianetics and Scientology in this light: “It was inevitable that a man who spent his youth in Asia and who studied at the mathematics and physical science of the West would become interested in the mind, and any such man combining what he knew would probably have discovered Dianetics and Scientology.”
“Dianetics is that branch of Scientology which deals with mental anatomy.”
“Scientology is an organized body of scientific research knowledge concerning life, life sources and the mind and includes practices that improve the intelligence, state and conduct of persons.”
That Dianetics and Scientology have contributed something is attested by the fact that by them we can raise the intelligence quotient of a person about one point per hour of processing (simple mental exercises) — a thing which was considered impossible a few years ago. Their stress is on ability and, with them, the general skill and efficiency of a person can be raised and the raise can be tested by very severe regimens and can be found to be stable.
There are many thousands of people using these subjects professionally in the world, and many others of the healing professions have used these skills more or less without credit.
Concerning sudden recoveries from illness, L. Ron Hubbard said, “I saw miracles in India and China done by holy men, but long association with them convinced me that they didn’t know entirely how they did it. I set out to find out from nuclear physics a knowledge of the physical universe, something entirely lacking in Asian philosophy. I made a few discoveries and we have been applying them. I believe any student given a similar background could have done the same thing. I just happened along at the right crossroads.”2
[LIBERTY-FRANKNESS-OUTSPOKENNESS. THE RIGHT OF AN INDIVIDUAL OR GROUP TO BE. TO DO, TO HAVE. FREEDOM FROM . . . FREEDOM TO . . .]
The Independent Journal Published by the Church of Scientology
A PAPER ON THE DIFFICULTIES OF RESEARCHING IN THE HUMANITIES
A SUMMARY ON SCIENTOLOGY FOR SCIENTISTS 1
For about thirty-eight years at this writing (1969) I have been engaged upon basic research into life and the humanities.2 This is basic or pure research and has the same genus as the effort of the early philosophers–to attempt to establish the identity of life as independent from matter and as associated with the material world and forms, which subjects are embraced by basic and developed sciences. The difference is that the research has been done from the viewpoint of scientific methodology in which I am trained.
The subject was, in fact, sufficiently unknown and insufficiently nomenclatured to have a clear-cut name. I say it was unknown because it has so markedly failed to keep pace with the natural or physical sciences and is in fact threatened by physical science. For example, we find physical scientist protests are based on life violations or the misuse or abuse of life by incautious physical applications (“Science and Survival,” by Barry Commoner).
To protect something one has to know what it is, scientifically know what it is. The DNA biological theories apply to life plus matter and all efforts to cause matter to produce life have, so far, failed.
This common denominator to all interests, to all efforts to protect, to all “scientific benefits” had not been studied and had no name connected with any rationale which led to a pure and predictable identification or result. Bergson’s* “elan vital” and other philosophic hazarding was not in keeping with what we think of in this century as orderly, controlled scientific methodology3. Supposition and authority is a poor rock on which to base all predictions.
Not having any real name embracing the study itself, it was of course impossible to take courses in it. It could not have its answers in known fields since it itself was unknown in not only its identity, but its characteristics.
I took whatever mathematics and physics were offered at a university. But then was stopped largely by lack of further academic subjects to study. I recall that my mind crystallized on the project when I found that the psychology and philosophy courses taught were inadequate to the research task I had in mind, as in neither one could I find any students or professors who had studied modern
*Bergson, Henri: (1859-1941) French philosopher. Awarded Nobel Prize for literature (1927).
mathematics or physics or who used what I had been trained to regard as scientific methodology4 and who as far as I could find would admit to the errors in logic (mathematics) I found in them. In his own orderly world, the physical scientist would not credit the confusion which existed in the humanities. So I went off on an expedition and began to study life. Primitive cultures seemed to be a place to start.
Never was any modern researcher confronted with so many conflicting data or subjects and so little result amongst them.
Yet obviously the past century of sprint by the physical sciences, which was even then speeding up, would overreach what were known as the humanities and even overwhelm them. And so it has proven.
Burdened by researching during the prewar period’s utter lack of research grants and funds, I had to solve the economics of it all. I did so mainly by writing and movies and did very well at it, at least enough to finance what else I was doing.
I wrote a book in the late nineteen-thirties after a breakthrough on the subject but the book was never published.
Eventually I had gone back through all the mirror mazes and plain fog of the humanities and worked with cytology. I had to study the subject in the fleeting moments left in a life overworked and overstressed. I found some clues to cellular memory and retention of patterns and originated and abandoned as impossible a theory you still see around about memory storage in molecules.
Rumors of the book and some papers brought me to the attention of Russia (via Amtorg) which made me a research offer. As it unfortunately was conditional upon going to Russia (which was still fashionable) and required of me a system of measuring the work potential of workers there, I had to decline. This was fortunate as the date was 1939.
Ideological considerations and requirements of better control or subservience of people was not on my work schedule.
The second World War and service was a long interruption. But in 1945 I was back at research again, using the library and facilities of Oak Knoll Naval Hospital.
In under a year, by use of endocrine experiments, on the basis that the endocrines are a switchboard of stimulus-response, I found that function seemed to monitor structure in living forms.
As the reverse had been held to be true (and had not provided a breakthrough) I was therefore able to proceed now in a new direction. I found eventually that life increased in potential by the stripping away of additives. This meant I could possibly be on the road to isolating life as a pure force.
Working with small energies, I eventually found the mental energy seemed to be a band between life and emotion and what might be a pure life essence.
In handling this I found the mental energy was made up of mental image pictures and that these became jammed together into masses until the commodity known as life became nearly extinguished.
By unburdening these (by a method of erasure), I found the potential increased.
This became Dianetics (Dia–through, noos–mind).
As it had a connection with psychosomatic illness, I offered the discoveries and papers on them to leading healing societies and was rebuffed! They had nothing to do with basic research!
A medical associate5 and a psychiatric publisher told me I had only the public left, so I wrote a book and it became surprisingly popular.
Just before this publication, the US Navy’s Office of Naval Research approached me and made a threatening offer that I must go to work for them as a civilian or be recalled to active duty. The project was to make people more suggestible. I was able to resign before they could complete the threat. While I had no complaint about real active service, I had already done a prewar tour of duty in Washington offices and knew I could get little done there and I had no ambition to make people more suggestible.
This was the second and last contact regarding any research aid.
I had applied earlier for funds to foundations and none were available for basic research. Few understood at that time that basic research had any value. Only specific projects for specific products qualified.
A group formed to handle the popularity of the book, Dianetics. Yet it provided no research assistance beyond testing vitamins.
I had been willing to leave the project at that time. In fact I had another expedition scheduled. But the impact of the book carried along with it one of those savage parallel attacks sometimes experienced by researchers which threw my life into chaos. An attempt was made on my life, I narrowly escaped kidnapping and I was loudly berated for misdeeds I have never committed. Seldom has there ever been such a heavy change in a man’s life. I was a well-liked writer on Monday and on Tuesday was a horrible beast. Same man.
A scientist releasing his material to the public or seeking to advise his fellows of some discovery sometimes finds a poor ally in the press.
For years the most unusual and imaginary charges were hurled at me. Reporters never came near me. They just wrote about me.
It was hardly an atmosphere in which to continue research but at great stress and out of responsibility to a public who supported me, I did so.
Fifteen years after that first public release I was able to develop the full technology that would isolate a being as a pure life force. It was the person himself. And far stronger and more capable.
In the following two years, despite the heavy stresses of administration and the same unseen force that kept striking at me on public lines, I was able to stably attain the result uniformly for people in technology known as Scientology processing.
Slightly less than nineteen years after the first book, I found the what and why of the attacks.
While they could have been motivated and financed by a church or the state, they were not.
The hidden secret of the attacks of nineteen years was research funds. None had been available in my day. But after the war the psychologist and psychiatrist groups, in 1948, organized a research fund activity through international organizations. Governments contributed unbelievable sums to them with incredibly small and even illegal or dishonest results of human experimentation.
My work, as I now patch it together, was considered, I do not know how, a threat to such fund appropriation. It was also considered a threat to healing income. For years I supposed the latter predominated. But this is not true. I have seen the appropriations and the lists of those to whom such funds were given.
There was nothing wrong with granting research funds. But to do this as a scientific activity to men untrained in any scientific methodology or mores, has been a serious mistake. Unlike the biologist, the chemist and other scientists, the psychologist and psychiatrist know nothing of the scientific method, know little or no mathematics and share none of the basic discipline which holds scientists together. They are trained in authoritarian subjects and their approach is entirely authoritarian.
The funds are not used for actual research but are simply paid out to their friends. I have the documents on this.
For nineteen years this multimillion-dollar river over the world has been used to attack any independent researcher and to forward the most mad plans for political control I have ever perused. I would not make such a statement without the documents being close to hand, sent to me by medical doctors who also do not like them.
Therefore I conclude it is a serious mistake to finance untrained and unskilled persons with unlimited research finance which in itself can become a small individuated area ferociously self-defensive and very fatal to have around.
The humanities have not tracked along with physical science because there were no real scientists in the humanities. The basic rules and mores of physical scientists were missing.
Yet the entire social order, for progress, depends upon the humanities catching up their lost time. Yet the atmosphere in which the research must be done has not changed much from Hegel’s time.
I have been working seriously and productively in this field, denied any funds and combating fantastically over-financed opposition.
The society at large does not oppose advance in this field. The churches do not. But governments at the urgings of the incompetent “authority” have attacked all advance by serious basic researchers.
Few have the courage or stamina to stand up to such opposition and still carry on their work.
The campaign of discrediting any such work discredits as well its possibility and discourages actual scientists.
In my time I have seen Dr. Wilhelm Reich, MD, who was researching in small energies in the mind, killed by the FDA of the US at the urgings of over-financed interests. I have seen others viciously attacked for attempts to advance knowledge of the humanities.
I am not requesting and have not needed research funds for some time. I have made a breakthrough in this field. It has taken thirty-eight years of hard work. It is successful. It can be subjected to the usual scientific proofs and controls. It has been tested over and over by competent persons. There are fifty-five axioms, there is a considerable body of application data, there are over sixteen million words of gathered materials.
I am sometimes accused of keeping the data back. It is there for public and professional use. But in offering it to the US to increase scientist IQ and halve pilot reaction time, our Washington office was raided by longshoremen with drawn guns posing as federal marshals and a Wheatstone bridge we use was seized along with books.
I have been pressed to the most unusual means of forwarding research.
This is a short case history of why there had not been any real scientific activity in the field of the humanities. A scientist in the physical sciences would not believe the chaos, incompetence, dishonesty and opposition to be found in these subjects.
There was no field before Scientology for basic pure scientific research into the humanities. There were no university subjects beyond mathematics and the physical sciences which also contained a scientific approach. The literature of philosophy is interesting and can be brought into a sensible alignment, however, only if not approached in the authoritarian manner it is offered. I once resigned a doctorate in protest of this atmosphere.
Authoritarianism, professionalism and dogma obscure the humanities to such a marked degree that it requires extraordinary resolution to research in them. The recoil on the individual researcher is financed by research funds which are looked upon as profit, are not gainfully applied to the subject and are granted to persons insufficiently grounded in science to embrace its ethics or methodology.
If most actual scientists are trying to safeguard, improve or protect life, then it is time that they give heed to the field of the humanities.
This field has been completely unorganized. There has been no place to publish or discuss or exchange actual data without colliding with the lines of over-financed research interests which have said to me regarding a graph of improvement, “If you publish that in our journal it would revolutionize psychology.” “All right, publish it.” “Oh, we couldn’t do that. We have finance coming from Congress to explore that area.”
Thus, you have the story of how Scientology had to develop, some of the reasons it was released as it was and is as it is.
No journals, no society, no other contacts–these were its hazards. Alone in the humanities it produces uniformly a predicted result in many areas.
It is now well known and used in aerospace programs by hundreds of its people, I am told by one of their leaders. Bits of it (earlier bits) are being released from time to time as new discoveries by others.
Man needs this subject. He needs, with his wars and pollutions and growing dominance of the physical sciences, a grasp of the humanities not perverted by greed, professionalism and authoritarian but untested nonsense.
Man is a spiritual being, not a vegetable or animal. And that is susceptible to scientific proof.
The data of Scientology was derived by and stands up to scientific methodology. It contains a workable system regarding life.
It has not yet begun to be applied broadly to any of the fields where the humanities are losing out. It probably has good application in biology. It can shed, possibly, some small light in physics and chemistry.
The data was very hardly won. Whole governments have crushed down on me to halt it. I do not exaggerate.
It would be a great shame and possibly a great loss in knowledge if it were not reviewed by other fields in the humanities and physical sciences. It has been a lonely road.
L. RON HUBBARD
- Hubbard, L. R. (March 1969). A Paper on the Difficulties of Researching in the Humanities A Summary on Scientology for Scientists. The Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology (1991 ed., Vol. VIII, pp. 336-341). Los Angeles: Bridge Publications, Inc. ↩
- In 1931, Hubbard dropped out of George Washington University. ↩
- See Astounding fiction editor Jack W. Campbell’s “Scientific Method” published as an appendix in DMSMH. ↩
- At least one early edition of Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health contained an appendix written by John W. Campbell, “nuclear physicist” and editor of Astounding Fiction, titled “Scientific Method.” ↩
- Hubbard probably refers here to Dr. J. A. Winter. Wikipedia: A Doctor’s Report on Dianetics. ↩
HUBBARD COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE
Saint Hill Manor, East Grinstead, Sussex
HCO INFORMATION LETTER OF 14 APRIL 19611
Do not re-mimeo
Print for PE2
Use in the Magazine
2 copies to each Central Org
The following releases should be attractively letter-pressed on small individual sheets and are each one a part of the Auto Eval Packet, HCO Policy Letter March 2, 1961.
IMPORTANT: This is “What is Scientology?”, the release required to be given PE Test people as per HCO Policy Letter of March 2, 1961, No. 3 of eight items.
Newton, Sir James Jeans, Einstein, have all sought to find the exact laws of human behavior in order to help Mankind.
Developed by L. Ron Hubbard, C.E., Ph.D., a nuclear physicist, Scientology has demonstrably achieved this long-sought goal. Doctor Hubbard, educated in advanced physics and higher mathematics and also a student of Sigmund Freud and others, began his present researches thirty years ago at George Washington University. The dramatic result has been Scientology, the first major and complete breakthrough by the exact sciences into the field of the humanities. Although taken from the material sciences, Scientology is dedicated in the finest tradition of human dignity and freedom espoused by brilliant men in all periods of Man’s ascendancy over his relationship to the animal. The laws of this science proved to be startlingly simple when found, well within the grasp of the average person. It is a tenet of Scientology that this knowledge belongs to Man, not in the forbidding halls of learning. It is the science of the Man, the Woman and the Child in the street. It belongs to us, the People, not to any vested interest on Earth.
Scientology means the “study of knowledge”. Scio is knowing in the fullest sense of the word, and logos, study.
Scientology is today the only successfully validated psychotherapy in the world. Tens of thousands of completely documented cases exist in the files of the Hubbard Association of Scientologists International.
Scientology has many “firsts”. These include:
Scientology is a precision science. It is the first precision science in the field of the humanities. Yet it is sufficiently simple and rapid that where it requires twelve years to train a psychiatrist, eight weeks of heavy Scientology training can permit a person to achieve results. However, for a truly skilled Scientologist, the training period, for a doctorate in the subject, is usually not under five years and has been ten years.
Ample records exist to substantiate these firsts. Further, the results of Scientology are easily demonstrable claims that can be duplicated by competent practitioners at will using Scientology principles correctly.
The first axiomatic construction of the basic laws of thought and behavior in Man.
The first science to isolate the life unit that perceives and generates energy, a discovery comparable to the isolation of the nucleus in atomic physics.
The first science to prove that IQ and intelligence can be improved and are not inherent in a person.
The first science to discover and isolate the reactive or subconscious mind.
The first science to isolate and classify accurately the twenty-four parts of the human mind. Previous to Scientology only the brain, the body, Freud’s subconscious and Pavlov’s Stimulus-Response law were known. Scientology has clarified these four and has discovered an additional twenty parts, any one of them more important to Man in his efforts to bring peace and order to his environment and Earth.
The first science to determine accurately the honesty and potential character of people by invariable instrument means.
The first mental science to subject itself to the most severe validation tests.
The first science to establish a new state or condition for Man which exceeds earlier concepts of Man’s potential. This alone in Scientology remains expensive due to the skilled attention it requires but is usually a quarter the price of an analysis.
The first science to put the cost of psycho-therapy within the range of any person’s pocket book. A complete Freudian analysis cost three to five thousand pounds. Better results can be achieved in Scientology for ten pounds and, on a group basis, for shillings.
The first science to make whole classes of backward children averagely bright using only drills the teacher can do a few minutes each day.
The first science to determine the basic cause of disease.
The first science to contain exact technology to routinely alleviate physical illnesses with completely predictable success.
The first science of mind to prove conclusively that physical illness can stem from mental disturbance, a fact which Freud held only as a theory, and only seldom demonstrated.
The Code of a Scientologist, under which Scientologists practice, is the most severe ethical code known to physical or mental groups or practices. In addition to other points, a practitioner must return a patient’s fees if therapy is not considered successful. Only an average of one case in all the thousands treated in any year over the whole world ever requests a return of fees and these are immediately refunded.
The easiest and least expensive way to improve your life is to take a Personal Efficiency Course and then the HAS Co-Audit.
This is the lowest cost effective mental help on Earth.
It is very little trouble to put into effect.
You go five evenings the first week and only three evenings a week afterwards.
By giving help to another person like yourself and receiving help from him you improve your IQ and personality.
The quickest way to change your graph, raise your IQ and alter your future is to see the Consultant and procure Individual Processing.
A highly skilled and experienced Scientologist will give you fast intensive processing daily for a week or as long as you require.
It is more costly than the PE route but it is a thousand times faster.
Remember, only Scientology discovered IQ could be bettered, personality improved and one’s fate altered. And Individual Processing is the fastest, surest way.
[…]– L. Ron Hubbard(Please note: The article “What is Scientology?” has been entirely re-written by Ron, and this one should be used in preference to the original one which was written in Johannesburg and issued from there–HCO Sec WW)[Note: Originally issued on 12 April 1961. The 14 April 1961 correction added paragraph 9 on page 196.]