Scientology Cult Shut Down Over Shady Land-Grabbing Black Ops in Moscow
Source file retrieved from https://youtu.be/tbH5Gty52CM
Transcript: English sub captions.
Reporter: An influential cult. In the Moscow office of the Marins Union Group the police conducted searches investigating theft of land in Moscow Oblast.
The group has a sketchy reputation: it has close ties to Scientologists.
Varvara Nevskyaya with the details.
This Wednesday, Marins Group was searched by the Investigative Committee.
Both offices and private residences of the top-management have been searched.
But the Group had become infamous long before it drew the attention of the police.
Marins Group was founded in 1995.
Its scope of work is stunningly diverse. How can a single enterprise build high-rise houses, manage hotels, own medical centers, and film movies?
But that’s not everything worth knowing about this mysterious group.
Alexander Dvorkin, Center for the study of religions and sects: “Back when they were in Nizhny Novgorod and called themselves “Zemlyane,” the local medica revealed their close ties with Scientologists.
They are using the methodology of Hubbard, the founder of Scientology to run their business and to force their employees to take part in dianetic seminars.”
However, Scientological teachings couldn’t protect the company from an investigation team showing up in their head office in the north of Moscow.
The Group has allegedly stolen some public and municipal land in Moscow Oblast.
It’s known that the Group owns large territories in Moscow, Volga region, Krasnodar Krai, and Crimea. The company also owns a hotel chain that frequently hosts Scientology seminars as well as other pseudo-religious meetings.
Igor Ivanishko, Ministry of Justice: “The name of the organization has Scientological aspects. The founder of the cult created a marine organization. It was an elite organization that created the basic principles of Scientology. When Alexander Kulikov created Marins Union Group, he chose a name that reflected that Scientological elitism meaning the Marins Union Group is a major front-line organization that’s run according to the principles of Scientology.”
Alexander Kulikov, the founder and former CEO of Marins.
It’s a known fact that he joined the ranks of Scientologists in the early 90s by visiting specialized and then studying in the US Scientology center for 11 months.
It was Kulikov who made his employees visit all the Scientology seminars, read special literature, and go through “auditing,” a mandatory procedure in Scientology when a drugged person shares personal incriminating information in front of the camera.
The information is stored in the local Scientology cells with a copy sent directly to the main office in Los Angeles.
Kulikov died in a helicopter crash in 2016.
However, the company’s structure and ideology remained the same.
Igor Ivanishko: “Unfortunately we can’t say something’s changed. Its activities are based on the principles of Scientology that ar illegal in the majority of countries. In Russia, certain Scientological literature is considered to be extremist. And unfortunately, the situation’s developing in the same direction.”
Then why do such organizations as Marins still exist?
It is because only religious activities of certain groups of Scientologists are prohibited in Russia while the movement itself besides the religious component has other aspects.
Alexander Dvorkin: “Scientology has many organizations. It’s like a Hydra with dozens of heads. We managed to close one, but the other heads are still functioning. We must focus on the ideology rather than a certain organization.”
One of the principles of Scientology reads: “people who don’t accept Scientology are dangerous and need to be isolated.”
That means to strip their rights. This very ideology became the undoing of the Moscow Church of Scientology.
A local religious group is currently being investigated in St. Petersburg too.
Still, Marins Group is not in trouble with the law for being a religious organization. Despite all the facts, the Group is trying to conceal their religious commitment.
Varvara Nevskyaya, Olga Olvukhina Vesti.
Essays and Articles
Rationale: Unconscious perception of various sensory modalities is an active subject of research though its function and effect on behavior is uncertain.
Objective: The present study tried to assess if unconscious visual perception could occur with more complex visual stimuli than previously utilized.
Methods and Results: Videos containing slideshows of indifferent complex images with interspersed frames of interest of various durations were presented to 24 healthy volunteers. The perception of the stimulus was evaluated with a forced-choice questionnaire while awareness was quantified by self-assessment with a modified awareness scale annexed to each question with 4 categories of awareness. At values of 16.66 ms of stimulus duration, conscious awareness was not possible and answers regarding the stimulus were random. At 50 ms, nonrandom answers were coupled with no self-reported awareness suggesting unconscious perception of the stimulus. At larger durations of stimulus presentation, significantly correct answers were coupled with a certain conscious awareness.
Discussion: At values of 50 ms, unconscious perception is possible even with complex visual stimuli. Further studies are recommended with a focus on a range of interest of stimulus duration between 50 to 16.66 ms. 12
- Radu, I. M. (2016 October-December). Subliminal perception of complex visual stimuli. Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology, 60(4), 226-230. PDF format. Retrieved from US National Library of Medicine ↩
- Re: geometric shapes: “The present study tried to investigate whether the detection of stimuli in the absence of self -reported awareness could occur with more complex visual stimuli than previously utilized, to better asses real -world influence of such mechanisms or if such an effect is restricted to more simple stimuli (simple geometric shapes, color -word associations) as thoroughly documented in the available literature.” ↩
The use of well-known figures from the entertainment industry is a tried and tested influence strategy, with about 25 per cent of all advertising featuring this technique. Well-known examples include George Clooney (Nespresso), Patrick Dempsey (L’Oreal), Tiger Woods (Nike), Rihanna (Covergirl), Halle Berry (Revlon), Beyonce (Pepsi), Ellen DeGeneres (American Express), Angelina Jolie (Louis Vuitton), Daniel Craig (Heineken). Celebrity endorsement is also an often-used strategy in politics. During the 2012 presidential campaign, several celebrities, including Bruce Springsteen, Beyonce, rapper Jay-Z and George Clooney, came out in support of Barack Obama. During the United Kingdom general election in 2015, several celebrities, including Sol Campbell, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Martin Freeman, Eddie Izzard, Patrick Stewart, John Cleese and many others, joined in to endorse one of the campaigning parties.
Various studies have shown that the technique can indeed have a positive effect on both attitudes towards the brand and actual sales figures (Keel & Nataraajan, 2012). One study, for example, calculated that, as a result of endorsements by Tiger Woods, Nike has sold 103 million dollars’ worth in additional golf balls in the United States alone (Chung, Derdenger & Srinivasan, 2013).
Research identifies two main factors that determine the effectiveness of celebrity endorsements: likeability and congruence. The more likeable a celebrity is, the more positive the impact of their endorsements. They must have some connection with the product, though, otherwise the audience is inclined to regard them as just a moneygrubber, willing to sell their services to anyone prepared to pay (see, for example, Fleck, Korchia & Le Roy, 2012). When the celebrity has some connection to the service or product, such as with Tiger Woods and golf balls, the influence message also obtains additional persuasive influence through the previously discussed effect of expertise. There are also potential risks in celebrity endorsements. A celebrity is always in the spotlight, with their every action scrutinised. When public admiration evaporates or, worse, turns into contempt, this can have disastrous consequences for the party or brand involved. An advertisement for Nike featuring Tiger Woods with the caption ‘Winning takes care of everything’ sparked a storm of protest on social media. Many considered the slogan tasteless and disrespectful in the wake of the extramarital escapades that had cost Woods his marriage in 2010. Erdogan (1999) provides a good overview of the dangers, as well as exploring ways in which advertising agencies and their clients can protect themselves against the potential down sides of celebrity endorsement. Interested readers are also referred to a special issue of the scientific journal Psychology & Marketing (September 2012) on the influence of celebrity endorsement.
People have believed in subliminal influences for hundreds of years—but the last few decades have taken a far more scientific look at these ideas
2010–2015: Imaging studies have shown that our brain responds to subliminal messages in measurable ways. Activity levels change in the amygdala, which processes emotions, the insula (involved in conscious awareness), the hippocampus (involved in processing memories) and the visual cortex.
In early 1923, when Ron was twelve, he and his family moved to Seattle, Washington, where his father was stationed at the local naval base. He joined the Boy Scouts and that year proudly achieved the rank of Boy Scout First Class. The next year he became the youngest Eagle Scout ever, an early indication that he did not plan to live an ordinary life.
At the end of that year, young Ron traveled to the nation’s capital via the Panama Canal, meeting Commander Joseph C. Thompson of the US Navy Medical Corps. Commander Thompson was the first officer sent by the US Navy to study under Sigmund Freud, and took it upon himself to pass on the essentials of Freudian theory to his young friend. Although keenly interested in the Commander’s lessons, Ron was also left with many unanswered questions.1
- CSI. (2013, 7 July). L. Ron Hubbard The Founder of Scientology. Retrieved from http://www.aboutlronhubbard.org/eng/wis3_1d.htm ↩
Clara M. Thompson
Childhood and Family
Clara Mabel Thompson was born in Providence, Rhode Island on October 3, 1893 (Green, 1964). Her family’s household was located in a rural area just outside Providence in which she lived with her immediate as well as extended family. While the family was financially secure there was some strife between the maternal and paternal grandparents especially over religious issues.
Her father, of who she was quite fond, was a highly successful business man who had climbed his way up the corporate ladder of Blanding and Blanding, a U.S. based drug company (Green, 1964). On the other hand, Clara was usually at odds with her mother, the disciplinarian of the family, who favored Clara’s younger brother Frank. Clara spent most of her childhood as a highly active tomboy. She was well liked among the other children and spent most of her time engaged in sports and various outdoor activities.
When Clara entered high school religion and scholarly pursuits became a much more important part of her life (Green, 1964). Her ardor for school was proven beyond a doubt by her standing at the head of the class in every subject for her entire high school career, which lasted from 1908 to 1912. Active involvement in the Baptist youth group known as Christian Endeavor as well as a self-proclaimed desire to become a medical missionary served to show her enthusiasm for religion. Christian Endeavor also served as an outlet for her more active side as she was able to continue many of the outdoor activities of her youth through this organization despite the increased intensity of her studies.
After graduating high school Clara entered the premed program at Brown University’s Women’s College (Green, 1964). During her years at Brown she eventually gave up her quest to become a religious missionary and discontinued her attendance at church. This move away from religious life caused a great rift between her and her family, especially her mother who remained distant from her for nearly twenty years. The years she spent at Brown were largely unhappy, but it wasn’t until she entered Johns Hopkins that she would find the subject of her life’s work.
Thompson came to Johns Hopkins in 1916, but it was in her second year that she met Lucille Dooley who offered her an introduction to psychoanalytic concepts (Green, 1964). Due to Thompson ‘s great enthusiasm Dooley invited her to work over the summer at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital in Washington, D.C. It was during her summer at the hospital that she met William Alanson White, Edward Kempf, and Dr. Joseph Thompson all of whom helped her along her path towards becoming a psychoanalyst.
By the time she graduated from Hopkins in 1920 she had decided to specialize in psychiatry (Green, 1964). After doing her internship at the New York Infirmary for Women and Children she returned to Hopkins to start a three year residency at the Phipps Clinic under Adolf Meyer. During her residency at the clinic she also founded her friendship with Harry Stack Sullivan who would become her confidant and long time friend. Also during her residency she was given the honor of attending to Meyer’s private patients due to the absence of the doctor to whom the responsibility usually fell. It was during her last year of residency that she began her own psychoanalytic treatment under Joseph Thompson, a situation which lead to a bitter disagreement between herself and Meyer, and her eventual dismissal from the clinic.
Joining the Field
After leaving Johns Hopkins in 1925 she established a private practice in Baltimore and began teaching mental hygiene at Vassar (Green, 1964). During this time she devoted herself almost exclusively to psychiatry and began networking with others in the field. In 1930 Sullivan organized the Washington-Baltimore Psychoanalytic Society and she was elected to be its first president. She continued holding meetings with many of her colleagues until she left for Budapest in 1931 where she was to undergo psychoanalysis with Sandor Ferenczi.
This trip to Budapest has been remarked upon as, “the most important single experience in this period of Clara Thompson’s life” (Green, 1964). Her treatment under Ferenczi had actually begun earlier in 1927 when her analysis with Thompson had grown stagnant and she had arranged to meet Ferenczi, while he was lecturing at the New School in New York, following a suggestion made by Sullivan. During the time of her analysis she also exchanged ideas with Ferenczi, who at the time was becoming more interested in the relationship between the patient and the analyst. She also discussed Sullivan’s ideas with Ferenczi who found them very similar to his own. On top of all this, Thompson had a romantic affair with an American businessman who was also undergoing analysis by Ferenczi. Unfortunately, both the affair and her analysis ended in 1933 when Ferenczi died.
When Thompson came back to America she decided to live in New York instead of Baltimore (Green, 1964). Upon arriving in New York she was able to resume her friendship with Sullivan who had come to teach at Yale. She also forged new friendships with Karen Horney and Erich Fromm. Through her friendship with Horney, Thompson began to lecture on psychoanalysis at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute to which Horney belonged. These friendships flourished in New York and they met regularly for dinner calling their group the Zodiac Club.
Thompson continued teaching at the Institute until 1941 when Horney was forced to resign because of her unorthodox approach to analysis (Green, 1946). Thompson and three others also tendered their resignations as an act of protest. Shortly after their departure Horney, Thompson, and others formed the American Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis. Later in 1941 they also formed another training institute known as the American Institute of Psychoanalysis. Unfortunately, history is doomed to repeat itself and did when tensions grew between Fromm and Horney. Horney, concerned about Fromm?s lack of a medical degree and his growing influence at the institute, called a vote to oust Fromm and won. Thompson once again sided with the underdog and left the institute with her students and Fromm.
In 1943. the William Alanson White Psychiatric Foundation established a New York school and appointed Clara Thompson as director (Green 1946). Here, Thompson and the others who had left the American Institute created a very liberal academic environment blending psychoanalytic concepts with anthropology and social psychology. The William Alanson White institute continued to grow and thrive and Clara Thompson thrived along with it putting in many hours of dedicated work. She continued her work here until her death in 1958.
Legacy of Psychoanalysis
Clara Thompson wrote extensively on the works of other analysts hoping to define and clarify the field. Her main work, Psychoanalysis: Evolution and Development, was an attempt to follow the development of the field amidst a growing number of dissenters and splinter schools. This book was produced at the request of her students who wanted the lectures that she had been giving at the William Alanson White Institute and the Washington School to be embodied in a more permanent form.
In her book, Thompson (1950) includes documentation as well as evaluation of psychoanalytic theory up until that time. She criticizes Freud for his cultural bias and the over emphasis of biology in his theory. Her chapters on psychoanalytic deviants point out many of the positive aspects of the rival schools and endeavor to rehabilitate the image of the analysts who had fallen out of favor. The work is conscientious, comprehensive, and represents a great contribution to the field of psychoanalysis.
In addition to her own book she also contributed to the works of others who were trying to codify the development of psychoanalytic thinking. One such contribution appears in Patrick Mullahy’s (1967) collection of essays discussing the work of Harry Stack Sullivan. In her chapter she outlines the progress of Sullivan’s thinking which she was more than capable of doing having been his friend and colleague for so many years. In another paper, appearing in The American Journal of Nursing, Thompson (1957) again surveys the psychoanalytic landscape, defining the differences and pointing out the similarities between the leaders of the different schools of thought.
Psychology of Women
Clara Thompson was also one of the forerunners of the psychology of women. In her paper “Towards a Psychology of Women” Thompson (1953) identifies many of the major issues facing women in her time focusing mainly on childbirth, menopause, and women’s role in sex. She also points out the conflict between women’s social role as the self-sacrificing caretaker and the drive for success as women become more educated and begin to take their place in the professional world. Also present in this paper is a critique of Freud’s theory which she believes contains a built in bias towards the inferiority of women. She challenges Freud’s theory of women and their sexual role by attempting to define a more positive aspect to women’s sexuality.
In addition to this paper Thompson also published many other papers in the field of women’s psychology. Most of these papers focused on cultural pressures facing women and the redefinition of psychoanalytic concepts facing women. Thompson also focused on the psychological development of women and the relationship of women to one another (Green, 1964).
From Her Own Perspective
Clara Thompson was a self-proclaimed member of the cultural interpersonal school of psychoanalysis (Thompson, 1950). Her powerful intellect and tireless effort has helped to shape and define the field of psychoanalysis. In focusing on women?s issues and recognizing the influence of cultural factors she broke with mainline Freudian psychoanalysis. She also aided and supported others who were committed to psychoanalytic concepts, but who also believed that these concepts should be viewed under a broader perspective. While doing her own work, she also served as a great organizer and teacher.1
- Green, Maurice R. (Ed.). (1964). Interpersonal psychoanalysis: The selected papers of Clara M. Thompson. New York: Basic Books Inc.
- Thompson, Clara M. (1950). Psychoanalysis: Evolution and development. New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons.
- Thompson, Clara M. (1957). The different schools of psychoanalysis. American Journal of Nursing, 57, 1304-1307.
- Thompson, Clara M. (1953). Towards a psychology of women. Pastoral Psychology, 4 (34), 29-38.
- Women’s Intellectual Contributions to the Study of Mind and Society. (n.d.) Clara M. Thompson and Joseph C. Thompson. Retrieved from <a href=”http://web.archive.org/web/20110623135207/http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/thompson.html”>http://web.archive.org/web/20110623135207/http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/thompson.html</a>. ↩