Because different processes underlie implicit and explicit attitudes, we hypothesized that they are differentially sensitive to different kinds of information. We measured implicit and explicit attitudes over time, as different types of attitude-relevant information about a single attitude object were presented. As expected, explicit attitudes formed and changed in response to the valence of consciously accessible, verbally presented behavioral information about the target. In contrast, implicit attitudes formed and changed in response to the valence of subliminally presented primes, reflecting the progressive accretion of attitude object-evaluation pairings. As a consequence, when subliminal primes and behavioral information were of opposite valence, people formed implicit and explicit attitudes of conflicting valence.
- Rydell, R. J., McConnell, A. R., Mackie, D. M., & Strain, L. M. (2006). Of Two Minds: Forming and Changing Valence-Inconsistent Implicit and Explicit Attitudes. Psychological Science, 17(11), 954–958. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01811.x. Download article in pdf format from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/d142/e38c264a1632f0be18f888c21a9813cf865b.pdf ↩